India, December 2014. As the name "vocation" suggests, a vocational course is intended to provide job-oriented education. It prepares students for specific trades at various levels. These involve crafts, and technician courses that impart the knowhow to students to become professional practitioners in their respective trades.
Courses are offered in various fields like engineering, accountancy, nursing, medicine, pharmacy, and law. The procedural knowledge of all these fields are imparted in the vocational courses.
If one sees the list of vocational courses in India, one would find a wide variety of courses and timeframes to accommodate the needs of students in all age groups. There are vocational training schools that enrol students at the level of intermediate (after the 12th standard) and the duration of the course would generally be for two years. These are job-specific courses and students passing out would get blue-collar jobs. They are generally referred to as trade schools.
The full time courses are generally offered by the ITIs and ITI recognised institutes. The nodal agency that gives an affiliation to private operators is the NCVT. Courses are also offered by individual state governments through state technical education boards. The vocational higher secondary schools are under the MHRD in India.
One has to confirm affiliation to any of these boards before joining any vocational training school.
The vocational courses list would run very long but here are a few sector wise courses that might be useful for aspiring students.
Fashion & Design:
Engineering is a field that has the maximum number of courses. From civil, aeronautical, chemical, biotech to architectural, aircraft maintenance engineering, there are options available for everyone.
There are certainly jobs for the taking but the skill of the individual is of much importance.
The students should constantly update themselves with emerging technologies to be in the race for jobs or else they would remain with obsolete knowledge.